Volume 1: Sept. 1st 1863 to Oct. 8th 1864

H”d Qr”s Signal Corps
August 31st 1863
Vicksburg, Miss.

H”d Qr”s “Signal Corps”
Vicksburg Miss  Sept 1 “63

Morning quite cool.  After breakfast, I commence assisting Lt. Sample “Act-Adj’t.” to make out the payrolls for the Detch- a very pleasant day.  In the evening we take a game of “Prisoner’s base” my side is victorious Corp”l J. B. Bennett returns from furlough.  Some of the officers having brought a bbl of Ale = one of them passes around at 9 P.M. and orders all to get up and drink a glass or stand upon their heads.  The most of them take a drink.  Lieut. Sampson returns from New Orleans Wilson gets back from home on furlough.

V_g_  Sept 2″ 1863

Cool and Pleasant.  The Board of Examiners have their first meeting — but examine no one to=day  = was paid up to Aug” 31st this afternoon – took a draft on N. Y. for $140.

H”d Qr”s “Signal Corps”
Sept” 3rd 1863

Very pleasant weather.

In the afternoon I visit the 78th Regiment.  Though more especially Co. “E”  The boys were feeling pretty well as they had returned the evening before, from a tramp into La. Which lasted 10 or 15 days – to=day they had put on their new clothes and clean shirts, they had left behind when starting; I love to visit my Co. as the boys seem glad to see me and related their experiences.  Good news from Home and c. besides, expressing a with”that I would return to the Co.”  Took supper at the officers mess.

H”d Qr”s “Signal Corps”
Sept” 4th 1863.

This morning the Board of Ex’m’n’r’s met at the Masonic Hall – and I was ordered to be ready to appear when called for.  At about 10 A.M. the orderly came for me – and I reported -before them.  The “Board” was composed of 5 officers – viz: – One Col. (Blood) One Lieut Col (Hammond) One Surgeon (Maj) and two Captains – (Howard & c)

A Physical Examination being the first on the Programme = I entered a side room and stripped (as was necessary) entirely naked.  The Surgeon’s first remark was “You are a well built man.” And after a close questioning was told “That is sufficient.”  After this I appeared before the Board when I was examined in Spelling, Reading, Penmanship, Composition, Arithmatic, Chemistry, Philosophy, Topographical Engineering, Surveying, Signaling, My experience under fire, and in making out Returns – Requisitions – & c – & c – & c –  If I am commissioned a 1st Lieut in the new organization – it will be more than my “mere examination” in the foregoing branches – alone – justifies.

The result of the days proceedings will not be known for some time to come [See following page for results].

Having a note due Demster & Robert’s since March 1862 – in New Orleans – I apply for a few days leave=of=absence and Capt. Howard gives me ten days.  Upon sending my request to – Gen. Grant – his A.A.G. (Rawlins) made me out a twenty-day leave= and I immediately to go on board the “South Wester” – in company with Lieut Sampson, for the above named place.  Go on board about twilight – expect to start during the night.  Thought the boat being chartered for “government service” she will sail when ordered.

On board Str” South Wester
Vicksburg Sept” 5th 1863

We did not leave during the night – and early this morning I walked down to the camp (about 1 1/2 miles) ate breakfast &  returned to the boat.  Ate dinner on board – (price 50 cts per meal)  As we do not get loaded to=day – I rode out to camp in the evening – and after supper – played a game of base.  Sides equal = and make a draw=game.  About 8 P>M. rode back to the boat for fear it might sail without me.

Lts. Baily, Plyby & White were examined to=day.  Lieut Plyby did not pass physically = being diseased in the heart.

Head Quarters Dept” of the Tenn.
The Board met persuant to special order No 238 & special order 239 – Present
Col J H Blood  6th Mo Vols  Presdt
Lt Col J H Hammond  A.A.G.
Major CS Hewitt Surgeon U.S.
Capt O. H. Howard  Signal Officer
Capt Jas B. Fitch 10th Mo Vols

First Lieut Cyrus M. Roberts of the 78 Reg’t of Ohio U.S. Vols Infy a native of the Sate of Ohio aged 24 years, educated at the McConnellsville common school and engaged as Clerk before entering the Service.  Appeared before the Board.  After Surgical Examination he was found physically qualified for the duties of a signal officer.  Having been examined upon the required branches of Education & c. he was found qualified as follows:  –

Condition                     7 1/2                Good
Reading                        9
Writing                        7 1/2
Composition                5
& Spelling                     10 6 7/16
Arithmetic                     6 1/2
Chemistry                      0
Natural Philosophy            2 1/2

Surveying & Topography         1


Signal                         9 9 1/2
Record                         10

and the Board recommend him for appointment in the grade of First Lieutenant in the Signal Corps of the Army of the U.S.

J. H. Blood Col 6th Reg
Inf Mo Vols

Jas B. Fitch Capt 10th Mo Infty

St’r South Wester = V-g Miss
Sunday – Sept” 6th 1863

Lay around the boat all=day = hoping to get off every hour.  In the afternoon a Steamer B. arrives from Memphis – and our boat receives a large accession of passengers.  “Soldiers returning” on Furlough”

We finally leave the fort of V-g about 8 P>M>  After sailing about 6 miles we stick on a sand=bar.  After working an hour or two get loose – but tie up soon afterwards = for the night.

St’r” S. Wester. Sept” 7th 1863

Get under headway about daylight.  Pass New=Carthage – & Grand Gulf.  The latter about 11 A.M.  Stop and put off some freight & passengers.  Some gun=boat of’c’r’s examining papers & c.

The river is very low.  Causing our pilot to be very cautious.  The lead is often used to try the depth of water at the bow of the boat – at which times the passengers would rush forward to be entertained by the soundings, and the peculiar cry of the leadsman in calling off to the Pilot, the no of fathoms.

Arrived at Natchez about sundown.  Took some prisoners aboard – and staid all night.  Natchez is the largest and prettiest City in Miss – In a hurried walk through some of the streets, I noticed a great many women & children — having congregated from various parts of the state.

A Division had just crossed the river to make a reconnaissance into Westr’n La= Brig’-Genl” McArthur had come down this far with us – and now takes com’d of the forces at N-z.

Str S. Wester- Sep “8” 1863

We started this morning about daylight – nothing, of interest, happened, particularly until we reach’d Port – Hudson, just as we were opposite their batteries a solid shot was fired – (lighting between the boat & shore) to make us land.  The Pilot immediately prepared to land, but before we could turn two shell were fired across the bow – and bursting within 50 or 100 yds of the boat caus’d all hands to dodge & hide or fall flat.  I began to fear the rebels had taken repossession of the place, and we were to be taken, but upon a second look saw the federal uniform – although enclosing sable skins – As soon as we landed negro guards were placed by the gangway, and the soldiers on the boat, returning furlough’d men, being under no comd’r’ and feeling piqued – because the shell were fired so close to them, and guarded by darkies – made all sorts of fun of the “nigger”

An Officer in white pants seeming to be a little officious = and the crew let loose upon him = calling him “Johnny” with the white pants or spurs.  Another Of’c’r wanted to buy of the newsboys – some papers – but the crowd would not let the boy go off the boat – promising to buy all his papers.  The Of’c’r finally came aboard and got “what he wanted”

A man wearing uniform, Captn’s straps & c. looked very much like a negro – and was a source of new reviling – Arrived at Baton Rogue after night and tied up.

Str. S. Wester Septr 9″/63

Left Baton Rogue just before daylight – The country on both sides of the river is laid off in Plantations and all are cultivated.  A full crop of sugar=cane seems to be growing – and the shores do not show destruction – as above Pt. Hudson.  The scenery to=day was grand.  Donelsonville was destroyed by Ad. Farragut – for harboring Guerillas – and is now very insignificant all the best portion having been fired.  A Fort is built N. of the Bayou – and garrisoned by the U.S.A.

Arrived at N. Orleans about 8 o’clock P.M. having eat no supper.  Lieut. S. and I walked up Canal St ate 2 doz oysters – each – some ice=cream & c. and took up lodging at private boarding house – kept by a Mrs Bane – And for the 1st time since entering the army – I slept on a bed with bedstead, mosquito bar & c.

New Orleans La., Sept 10th

Did not get up too early – went to the St. Mary’s market and made a breakfast on chocolate, boil’d eggs, & c. hired a cab and went to the boat after trunk.  Called at H”d Q”rs Sig. Corps – but nearly every one had gone with Gen. Franklin to Texas on a march or Reconnaissance.  Left our letters return’d to room No 240 Camp St.  About 11 o’clock went to Messrs Levi & Deiter, and collected my note on them for $150. Which I did not expect to get, as nearly all the old firms are busted up, and paying nothing.  In such circumstances I consider myself very fortunate.  At dinner at 1 1/4 P.M. at the Gilpin Restaurant on Soft=shell=crabs, Turtle=soup – Shrimps = Red.  Peas, Ice-water & c.  Am having decidedly a good time!!

New Orleans, La., Sept. 11th “63

This morning, although a little coudy [sic], would be a pleasant time to visit the Lake  I have a light attack of cholic, however, and am unable to go on a pleasure excursion.  Two Tea=spoon fulls of Pain=killer give me much ease, but do not  go out until evening.  Then as the Citizen Band is advertised to meet at the Jackson Square = and play a few select tunes I go and see the Square where Gen Jackson is in his uniform and upon his prancing war=steed.  Cast in iron and placed upon a foundation 10 or 12 feet high.

The stand for the band was close by and against they assembled.  The grounds were full of Men, women & children, all gathered to promenade the walks and spend an agreeable hour.  Nearly every one around me seemed to be speaking French, even the little children and negroes, all were “lavish with their French”  The crowd did not disperse until nearly dark.  Horizontal – Rotary Swings or as they were called the “flying horses” were upon the outside of the Square – and by paying five cents I could mount a little wooden horse – and be carried around five minutes.  Hand organs and over=strained voices added music to the spectators.

New=Orleans Sep 12th/63

Called on Mr. Benton’s store but he was not in – Found out, at Dr Segan’s Drug Store, that Dr Dodson’s office was on Canal St.  Ate my breakfast at the Poydras St. Market – and from thence took the street cars for the half=way house – from thence took a pleasure=boat -drawn by a mule – for Lake Pontchartrain – went to the Bath=house – and took a swim in the lake – besides a good wash in water too salty to drink.  Returned to Hacock’s Entertainment and took dinner on cooked & raw oysters.  After 3 P.M. returned by way of the race=course where a race was trotted for, it was said, $500.  Did not get back to the city until after dark.  Lieut. S. and I rolled two games ten=pins, took an ice=cream apiece, and finding I was very near Dr. Dodson’s Office – called on him – after this returned to room 240.

New=Orleans La.  Sept. 13th 1863

Sunday – Visited the French Mark’t where more than a usual display is made, every S_ outside of the Market=House – were stands of every variety of goods.  Dry=goods Hardware, Queensware &cc. & c.  & c. and nearly everyone you hear talk, is speaking French, from there we went to the “St. Peter” Catholic Church or Cathedral.  The Music & decorations of the Church were most imposing.  About 11 A.M. I found my way to Christ’s Church – on Canal Street – where I remained during services.  The attendance was not large.  Gen. Banks was present, also – many other officers – The Church is Episcopal.  The Ague attacked me to=day and before I leave the Church my head is burning with fever.

N. O. Sept 14th –

This morning I devote to buying all the articles I want to take up the river – as the Steamer Champion is advertised to leave at 12 M – About noon move to the boat, but find out she doesn’t intend leaving until to=morrow. Ague again to=day

N. O. Sept. 15″ 1863

Call on Dr. Dodson – again – find him packing up to start to Philada” to=morrow after wife & daughter.  Ague comes on about 11 A.M.  Boat leaves @ 9 P.M. after waiting for Brig. Genl” Bowen, U.S.V.A.

On Board Steamboat Champion
Sept 16th 1863

Did not travel more than 15 miles last night.  To=day we are making good progress.  Reach Port Hudson after dark.  Ague again to=day.

Str” Champion
Sept 17th 1863

Traveled all night.  This is a fine transport – and we have very pleasant passengers.  The cabin is covered with Brussels carpet – and everything is new & nice with Intelligent servants.  Ague again

Sept. 18th 1863

Arrived at Vicksburg about daylight.  Move to camp about 9 A.M. and report for duty.  Ague today, but commence taking Quinine.  Weather very cool to=day.

Vicksburg – Set 19″ 1863

No ague today – weather very cool.  As most all the “corps” are off on duty I get quite lonesome.

Vicksburg Miss Sept 24″

Nothing has transpired of particular interest since my return.  Lts. Irvin, Wilson, Hurt, Sampson & I start a mess they appoint me = “Purveyor” + as the rest of the crowd are “strapped” – In the evening Capt. Howard details eight officers – including me to prepare to get on the way to the Dept” of the Gulf = H”d Qr”s New Orleans there to report to the Chief Signal Officers of Genl. Banks’ –

V-g- Miss.  Sept” 25

Capt. Pigman, Lieutnt’s = Irvin, Harris, Roberts, Bailey, Warren, Sizer, & Higbie select our flag & train=men – forty in no – and with 2 trains march to the landing & get on board the Steamer “Emerald” bound to N. Orleans, La.  But do not get loaded to=day = mustered as 1st Lieut 78″ O.V.I. to=day –

Saturday Sept” 26″ 1863
Str” Emerald –

After loading a lot of Government Forage – 150 mules & c – we leave V-g in the evening, but do not go over 30 miles, when darkness surrounds us and we tie up for the night =close to a gun=boat.

Str” Emerald
Sunday – Sept” 27th 1863

Our boat is a slow one – weather pleasant.  Arrive at Natchez about 2P.M. and commence unloading forage.  I mount a horse and take a ride through the city.

Str” Emerald off Natchez
‘Sept” 28″ 1863

Finish unloading forage – in the afternoon sail up the river 4 miles and load up with firewood – drop down to the City again where we remain all night.

Str” Emerald – Sept” 29th/63

Leave Natchez very early, about 12 miles below, we stop and take on about 30 cords wood.  Weather stormy – all day.  In the evening a gun=boat hails us and reports 2,000 rebels with 4 pieces of artillery at Morgan’s bend, and we are convoyed to Morganza, a small village 10 miles above Bayou Sara.

Gen. Huron’s Division of the 13th Army Corps was engaging the rebel Dick Taylor at Morganza or two miles back – as we passed by – our forces were burning the village when we landed.  Stop over night at Port=Hudson,La.

Str.” Emerald, Sept” 30th 1863

Leave P= H= very early, weather stormy all day so that we remained the most of the time in the cabin.  Arrived at New Orleans about 5 o’clock P.M. and started to find the H”d Qr”s of the Signal Corps, but when there, the chief and party had preceded us, and was at Granklin, La.  So we remained on the boat all night.

New Orleans, Oct” 1st” 1863

Called upon Post Q.M. Capt. Mark and procured the use of a large yard used for a cotton press.  About 9 oclock a.m. move to the cotton press and fix up Qr”s

New Orleans Louisiana
Monday Octr” 5th 1863

Since Saturday – we have been unable to get transportation by R. R. to Brashear but are now told we may go this evening – so we pack up, cross the river by ferry to Algiers and find our way to the Depot_ when we report to the Master of transportation = and his reply was = we would have to wait until another evening, as 400 cavalry were now being sent.

We went into camp by the Depot  Algiers is a good sized town, and settled with mechanics and working men generally – Irish, French, Dutch & Americans.  Our Camp was immediately beset by a score or more of women = peddling cakes, pies, applies, milk, Liquor, & c. & c.

While in the city of N. O. the boys improved their opportunity of seeing the sights.  I visited the Lake again and returned “via” of Carrollton, had a pleasant time.

Algiers, La.
Tuesday, Octr” 6th 1863

We remain in camp all day, about 5 o’clock P.M. we are ordered to strike tents and load our horses & c. on the cars, but against we get 3 of the wagons to the cars, the order countermanded or postponed until 11 P.M.  I put up my tent again and tried to sleep, but in vain –

Brashear Louisana
Octr” 7th 1863

This morning, about 1 o’clock, we were ordered to load our traps on the Cars – we did so, and started for this place about 4 A.M.  arrived about noon; sleepy, tired & hungry.  Brashear although called a City is rather a small town, being on Berwick Bay and a very good shipping port.  In the afternoon we cross over to Berwick, a small town opposite Brashear.  This being the head of the Bay – it is not more than two miles across.

As we landed, we noticed several soldiers fishing for crabs along the banks and as we went into camp near by some one brought a hard=shell=crab to my tent – saying he had caught it & told how easily.  My Cook (“Joe”) threw the crab into boiling water and in 5 minutes brought it back cooked.  As it was very good I went to the wharf and finding a little pole with a string attached – also a piece of beef tied on for a bait I went to fishing. After a little while I caught a large one by pulling him to the surface in his eagerness for the bait, and before he let go – slipped a little scoop net under him and secured the prize.  I was pretty well satisfied, returned to my tent and had it cooked and eat before going to bed.  The Berwick boys almost live on them.

Franklin La – Oct” 8 1863

We started on our march about 6 1/2 A.M.  our route is along Bayou Leche (Lash) or Atchafala river.  The country low & level, the plantations most splendid, but the houses are all vacant – and going or gone to ruin. Almost every farm has a sugar house – orange trees are almost as numerous as appletrees in Ohio – and at this season of the year, loaded with fruit.  We get long poles and knock off the ripe ones, until we are tired.  The trees are about the size of thrifty apple trees.  We stopped to dine near an orange orchard of about 100 trees.  Arrived at Franklin about 5 P.M. and went into camp for the night, having marched about 28 miles.

Camp near New=Iberia La
Oct 9th 1860

Marched about 26 miles to=day, the road continuing along the Bayou.  The country, although covered with sugar plantations has not the supply of oranges, as that we came through yesterday.  The people are almost all French and are protected by safe=guards, or the French flag.  See many more people, citizens, than yesterday – catch up to the rear of the 13th”.  One French Lady owning a plantation had from 10 to 15 hundred hhd’s sugar and a large amount of molasses – was supplied with a safe guard.

H”d Qr”s 19th Army Corps near
Vermillionville La. Oct 10″ 1863

To=day Lts. Sizer & Higbie commence running a wire from New Iberia toward Gen. Banks’ H”d Q”rs near V_v_  The country becomes rolling as we advance & cross some large prairies – catch up to the advance and report to Capt. Roe – Chief Signal Officer Dept” of the Gulf – A practical man.

Camp near Vermillionville La
H”d Qr”s 19th Army Corps Oct 11/63

March at 7 A.M. towards Opelousas – 12 miles – leave Lieuts Bailey & Warren at V_v_ at a church steeple for a station.  About six miles establish another station, and go on to Carrion Crow Bayou and encamp.  We drive some rebel cav. As we advance.  Establish a station at Genl. Franklin’s H”d Q”rs –

H”d Q”rs 19″ Army Corps
In advance  Oct ” 15th 1863

We have established a signal station near H”d Qr”s maj. Genl” W. B. Franklin and are doing good business –

This morning firing commences by the Pickets and after breakfast, Capt” Roe wanted Lieut Irvin & I to accompany him to the front.  We do so and find that a large body of rebel Cavalry have appeared before us & our Artillery & skirmishers at work.  Capt” Roe remains with the Gen. & Lieut Irvin goes to the left & I to the right – and get on top of a house, from which I can see the enemy very plainly – send many messages during the engagement – the rebels withdraw about 11 1/2 A.M. & our Cavalry follow about two miles – had one man killed & about 12 wounded.  The rebels seem to have made a reconnaisance in force.  Thus ends the skirmish near Carrion Crow Bayou.  I followed them beyond our advance Cavalry then returned to H”d Qr”s –

H”d Qr”s 19th Army Corps
In advance Oct 16th 1863

Nothing more seen of the enemy = Genl. Franklin had resolved to pitch into them if they appeared again – even if we were without a supply of rations.

Lieut Harris arrived in the evening from N_O_ and brought us mail – in which I recd” orders to go to Columbus O. and open a Recruiting Station for the Signal Corps, U.S.A.  My companions think me much favored – and would like to go Home on such an errand.

H”d Qr”s 19th Army Corps
Near Coura=bleau river Oct. 17.

Genl” Franklin moves his H”d Qr”s 3 mile to the front to-day.  I am busy making out papers to turn over my horses & equipments.  Very windy, not much Signaling done to-day.

New Iberia La. Oct 18″

After breakfast this morning I take leave of my companions and go to H”d Qr”s Genl” Banks, and after dinner with Lieut’s Wicker, Sizer, Abbott & Jackson – Lieut Sizer & I go to N_I_ and arrive 7 P.M. at Lieut Higbie’s Office of Signal Telegraph, distance traveled 33 miles.

New Iberia La.  Oct 19

Remain at the above place all day waiting for a boat to Brashear = but no one arrives.  Lieut Higbie is very busy with his Sig- Telegraph.

New Iberia La
Oct 20th 1863

The Steamer E. G. Brown arrives during the night and this morning I take my departure along Bayou Leche – nothing remarkable happens during the day = An alligator about 10 or 11 feet long is seen basking himself in the sun, but plunges off of his log into the water upon being fired at by a soldier with pistol.  Enter the Atchafala river about dusk and Berwick Bay about 7 o’clock P.M. where a special train is waiting the arrival of Gen Banks’ staff – as they are contending for the whole of the passenger car = rather than insist, I take position upon the beds & baggage in the freight car and ride to Algiers very comfortably save the tormenting mosquito whose annoyance lasts from the 1st of January to the 31st of Decr” Oh! For the N_ when they are around.

New Orleans La.
Oct” 21st 1863

Arrived in the City this morning take up boarding with Mrs. Hamilton 269 Camp St.  A good Union family – being a widow, and having two sons in the Federal Army.  Reported to the Q.M. for transportation but no Government boats are leaving.

New Orleans
Oct 23rd 1863

The Steamboat Citizen is to leave for the North this evening – consequently as this is my only chance I take passage.

Memphis, Tenn.
Oct 31st 1863

Arrived here last evening.  As it was late I did not find Capt. Howard, but this morning met Lieut Sampson, and was soon shown to H”d Qr”s =

Presented my orders, and arranging to take Sergt” Homer G. Woodin to Columbus, O. with me.  Memphis has improved very much since Aprl” 1st nearly every vacant lot has been taken up and storerooms built thereon – and business seems most flourishing.  Several packets are running to Cairo -, with a good share of Patronage & Profit.

The Corps has been divided up to suit the present movements of the Army.  Gen. Sherman takes Grant’s position of the Dept” of the Tennessee – Gen. Grant has been given 3 Deptmts – The Ohio, Cumberland & Tennessee – To each Army Corps in the Dept. of Tenn.  Has been assigned one Capt” & seven Lieutnts.  Capt. O. H. Howard making his H”d Qr”s near Genl. Sherman.  The weather is good.

Memphis Tenn Nov” 2nd/63

Turn over my “Signal Kit” and go on board the Steamer “Commercial” bound for Cairo.  Segt” Woodin accompanying.  At M_ I recd” one months pay from Maj. McGrath – Weather fine.

Cairo, Ill’s
Nov”r 4th 1863

Arrived here about 2 1/2 P.M.  find the place very muddy & filthy.  Stop at the St. Charles Hotel at 2 1/2 dol’s p day – and find it far below my expectations.  Eatables poor no tablecloth on the table – room very common & bed ver poor.

I have been on picket duty and slept in my blanket with more satisfaction.  Procure ticket for myself & Transportation for Woodin.

On R.R. Nov”r 5th 1863

Train started at 3,30 A.M. from Cairo Ill’s – Reached Centralia for Breakfast.  Arrived at Cincinnati, O. about 11 1/2 P.M. & changed cars – for Columbus, O.  I took a sleeping car for the first time.

Columbus, Ohio
Nov”r 6th 1863

Reached this place about 4 1/2 A.M. took a bed in the National Hotel and did not get up till near 8 o’clock A.M. – Saw the Chief Q.M. at the State house, but could not get any Public=rooms – hunted for the balance of the day – to find a suitable room to rent did not succeed in finding one to=day.  Ate dinner with Dr. Kennedy at the Buckeye House.

Columbus, O.
Nov= 7th 1863

Sergt” Woodin & I started out with renewed energy – and succeeded in renting a very good room – though in the 2″ Story of the Deshler building – rent 9.00 pm very high, but could get none suitable at a less rate.  Rented a stove & procured a table, chairs, bucket, broom & c, & c  Got up an advertisement for the Daily Ohio State Journal, also some Posters.

Columbus, Ohio
Monday Novr 9th 1863

Yesterday – I went to Church – & before the sermon was over, a chill came on me, when I shook like a leaf.

This morning I opened my office, hung out my flags, and was preparing for calls.  Advertisements being in the paper – Weather pleasant.

Columbus O
Novr 10″ 1863

This morning hired a Poster to put up my bills – in and throughout the City.  Had several callers, but on acct of having no Bounty to give upon being mustered no one ventured to enlist.

Columbus, O.
Novr 12th 1863

Men continue to call – send Posters to Mt. Vernon, Urbanna, Zanesville, Cambridge, McConnellsville – Malta and various other places.  Weather clear & moderate

Columbus, O.
Monday Nvr 16″/63

No funds yet recd rather discouraging, when I am having many calls – Other Recr’tg Officers are offering large Bounties and receiving accessions slowly.

Columbus, O.
Novr 18″ 18632

Weather damp with showers  To=day I enlisted Mr. E. R. G. Satts – of the 1st U.S. Artillery.  Though he is out of money & I can give him no Bounty yet.

Columbus Ohio
Novr 20th 1863

Weather “cold & wet” – recd another Recruit Wm H. McKinney – though I could not give him Bounty.  Sent off my Trimonthly report this A.M.  my hands are tied as yet in the way of offering inducements.  I reported in fall to Capt. Wm J. L. Nicodemus Asst. Supt. Corps Recruiting Service – hav’nt recd. A line from him since my arrival.

Columbus O. Novr 23″/63

Recd. A communication from Maj. Wm J. L. Nicodemus – requiring a full report of my doings since leaving the Dept. of the Gulf also the authority for opening my Recruiting Station in Col.  This order seemed a strange one but I my ans in full

Col. O. Novr 27th 1863
Recd.  J.C. Gosling of Cin. O. as a recruit – explaining to him my inability to pay the first installment.

Columbus, Ohio – Novr 28th 1863

Recd William R. Owens into the Corps.  Weather damp & cold – withdrew my advertisement on the 24th as I was unable to live up to my agreement therein – concluded to wait further instructions from W – as what men I now have are out of money, and dissatisfied = it is unpleasant to feel under obligations, and have nothing certain to relieve me.  If I am to be put off much longer – I will refuse to receive anyone – that I lay myself responsible to.

Columbus, O.  Decr 1st/63

Receive orders from W- City – also money to pay subsistence – & Recruiting expenses – but am not allowed to pay anything but $2 – Premium  Send off my Reports for the month of November to Lieut R. P. Strong.

Columbus, O.  Decr 3rd 63

Receive one recruit Jas B. Haynes a Bookkeeper from the firm of Harris & Sigler = Weather pleasant – hav’nt recd. Any ordr’s in regard to paying or getting Bounty for my men.  It is quite discouraging – as I think I might have recruited 40 or 50 men by this time.

Columbus, O. Decr 7th 1863

We are having beautiful weather.  Recd one recruit Mr. Reinhold Lanstrom, a native of Sweden – occupation Book=keeper.  Have made very few acquaintances – & spend my time in the Office Board at the U.S. Hotel.

Columbus, Ohio-
Dec 9th 1863

We are having beautiful weather.  But I have got the blues for once.  My funds to pay Bounty have not been recd and my men are applying to me for loans.  I have not recd instructions to enable me to proceed- and am doing nothing – have just recd an order to furnish no clothing to my recruits as they will be inspected at Georgetown D.C. & then be uniformed.

How trying it is to be ordered to do something – and after striving to do your best – find you have done wrongly – and know not how to proceed.

Before receiving the order I had drawn money of my own t lend the boys – also drew clothing – under my present circumstances I am afraid to promise my men anything – as I have been frustrated several times already.  I would rather be doing the most severe campaigning – than to be situated.

Columbus, Ohio
Monday Decr 14th 1863

For a few days we have had rainy, drizzling, weather.  This afternoon the wind is blowing and the mud drying up.  Getting cold.  A little snow about 2 P.M. but none of acct- I have recd nothing more from “[. . . ?] Asst Supt Rectg [?] service”  Capt. O. H. Howard advises me by letter to close my office until I get full instructions.  Indeed it is only kept open as a place to loaf & kill time.

Yesterday I attended Sabbath School, & Preaching in the morning at the 1st Baptist Church  In the afternoon went to a German Catholic Church – to hear the music.  During the sermon I went to sleep – at night went to hear the Pastor of the Congregationalist Church – Mr. Goodman – and was very much interested.  He gives me more elevating ideas than any other Pastor I heard in the City.  I think I leave church better prepared to battle with every day life than when I entered!

A few pews were set apart or especially dedicated to soldiers – and every pew in the Church was supplied with a book containing hymns & written music (adaptable) on the same page.  I think it was called “Puritan’s Collection” by Beecher.

Columbus Ohio
Decr 24th 1863

Started for McConnelsville at 4 A.M. when I reached Zanesville found the Muskingum river frozen over, so I took a space in a hack – already too much crowded.

After going 8 miles the axle broke and the load tumbled out – but procured a farm wagon and sent jolting along the balance of the way – reach’d McConnelsville about 4 P.M.

Malta Ohio
Dec 25th 1863

Spent the morning in McC- but went back over the river to Mrs. James Rogus where a sumptious dinner was prepared for the family gathering – had a pleasant time – & went home.

234-2-5-1434-11-123-5-2234-23-114-234-231-55 – [code?]

Spent the evening at Mr. James B. Welch’s – where I was kindly entertain’d with music accompanied by voice’s of Misses Frank & Kate.  The ferry not running on acct. of ice I staid with Eck- McConnell at Brewster & McCarty’s store.

McConnelsville, O.
Dec 26

Ran around the most of the day, but went out to Cous. S. C. Brewster’s farm 1 3/4 miles and spent the night, also settled up my business of over two years standing.

McC-  Dec. 27th

Weather wet & roads muddy, got back to town in time to go to church and Rev. Henry Barker preach an interesting sermon at the Baptist Church – remained at Mrs. Barker’s the remainder of the day.  Attended the Presbyterian Church in the evening and heard Rev. Kelly – Still raining.

McC- Dec. 28th

To=day I sold the house and lot belonging to Sister Mattie & I – to Miss Matilda Pickett – for 1143-11114-11111.5  in the evening attended an exhibition of “Dred” or “A tale of the Dismal Swamp” held in the Town Hall, by the young folks of McC- was quite interesting and had a full house

McC- Decr. 29″/63

Expected to return to Columbus today, but the hack left me – and I have to wait until to-morrow.  Attend the exhibition again in the evening – house jammed.

Decr. 30th 1863

The “Falcon” blows her whistle early in the morning and I jump aboard with my friend Martin R. Andrews who has enlisted with me.  Reached Zanesville about 1/1/2 P.M.  Mattie & I stop at the Zane House but as soon as she does a little shopping – starts back on the “Falcon”  I meet 3 other recruits awaiting me – and start for Columbus at 10-30 P.M. with squad.

Columbus Ohio
Decr. 31st 1863

Reached this place about 2 A.M. & find 22 men awaiting me as I expected to start them to Washington to-day.  Buy transportation for 24 men – but think it best not to start until to-morrow morning train.

Jan 1st 1864
Columbus, Ohio –

Start 23 men in charge of Sergt. H. G. Woodin to the camp of Instruction at Georgetown, D.C.  Weather extremely cold – and wind blowing fiercely.  Commence making out my returns for Decmbr’ 63

Columbus Ohio
January 9th 1864

Weather very cold; during the past 9 days the thermometer has ranged from zero to 10 degrees below.  Many have frozen to death in the different parts of the country – about 4 inches of snow is on the ground and the bells are jingling all the day – price for sleigh & Horse, one hour 2.00 – if you are a particular friend you can get it six hours for nine dollars.

The ague has given me another trial this week, and I keep pretty close to the stove.  The Legislature is in session here and the City – full of people.  Dr. Dorsey gave us a lecture upon the Genl & Statesman Andrew Jackson – last evening in the Representative hall in Commemoration of the battle of New Orleans.

Columbus, Ohio.
Jan”y 27th 1864

This morning I started 16 recruits to the Camp of Instruction Georgetown, D.C. in charge of Homer G. Woodin.

We are having Spring weather – and the streets are crowded, almost, with soldiers Regiments that have served two years are re=enlisting and coming home to be organized into Veteran Regt’s – and recruit to the maximum number.  Recruiting has been pretty good.

Columbus Ohio – March 1st 1864

During the last month I have enlisted and accepted 106 recruits very many were rejected – others I had no time to wait on and went away.  Had to work from 8 1/2 A.M. ’til 10 or 11 P.M. nearly every day.  The draft is hurrying men into the service – and I am getting my choice of applicants.

Columbus, Ohio
April 6th 1864

Having recd an order from the Sec of War discontinuing this station I am ordered to Indianapolis Indiana to open a Rectg Station for the Signal Corps U.S.A.  since opening my office at this place I have recd about 185 men 2 or 3 of whom were rejected after arriving at the Camp of Instruction, Georgetown D.C.

Have had a pleasant time here, though did not get acquainted with many who are equal to superior to my old associates in McConnelsville, O.  having been engaged in the way and its associations for nearly two years in the field, I do not feel like sacrificing any of my regard for the society I formerly was a member of – consequently did not cultivate my acquaintances in this place.

Had a very good and pleasant Boarding house at Mrs. Osgood’s 210 town Street. And pleasant room mates Lieuts Lloyd Fisher & Wood.  And Lt. Col. Wall of the 25th Ill’s.  All wounded.

Rect Office Signal Corps U.S.A.
Indianapolis, Ind. Aprl 13th 1864

After much running about and enquiring – I obtained an office as Hd” Qr”s – bought Table, chairs, stove & c. & c. and am ready to commence Recruiting in earnest – though nave no place to board recruits at Government rates.

Indianapolis is a very busy & energetic place – at present crowded with solders.  “Veterans” on Furlough.  The prices of everything are enormously high for this country.  I stepped into a 2nd class Hotel and inquired the prices of Boarding – the answer was $14. Per week and $45. Pr mo.  One reason for these high prices must be – The Boarding houses have all they can attend to and the Hotels are crowded with Officers and soldiers, who, having just returned from the front are remarkably liberal and pay any price asked.

Rectg Office Signal Corp U.S.A.
Indianapolis Ind. Apl 27th 1864

Weather cloudy, has been wet, very wet, during the last month.  Returned yesterday from a two days visit to Uncle Lucas Gillingham’s family in Wabash Co. Ind. Found Cous. S.A. Tyson in a decline and not expected to live long.

Recta’s very dull.  Gov Morton of Ind. Has called for 20,000 one-hundred day men to garrison the border town forts & c while the three year troops go to the front and close the war if possible, this campaign or year.

The stores and business houses close at 12. M. to pay all attention to recruiting merchants are offering to keep up the pay of clerks, and situation when returning, if any turn out.

The Government Bounty is $100. And no Local Bounty in the State so there is little inducement to go for 3 years.  Indiana is ahead of Ohio in regard to enthusiastic Loyalty.  Every Veteran Regiment, returning home are met at this place with quite a reception – cannon firing an hour or two in quick succession and a dinner prepared by the Ladies who give a returning soldier a welcome and cheer the heart as only ladies can do.  Every Regiment or detachment passing through this city have good quarters and plenty of good cooked rations, already furnished and at hand.

Recruiting Office S. C.U.S.A.
Indianapolis, Ind May 13th/64

By order of the Secretary of War I close my rectg station and am to report to the Commanding Genl “Dept of Kansas” but will wait until the 17th to close up my accts.  The weather is excellent.  The people are very hopeful about the operations of Genl Grant after his six days fighting near Richmond – and the news of this morning is the best we have yet received.  We think the “beginning of the end” is approaching.

St. Louis, Mo
May 18th 1864

Left Indianapolis, Ind. At 10. 25 P.M. yesterday and arrived here about 11 A.M. to=day – reported at the Hd Qrs of Maj. Genl. Rosecrans. Recd. An order on the Quarter Master for Transportation – and a pass to remain in the City.  Did not see Genl. R. as the Asst. Adjt. Genl. Transacted the business.  After procuring an order for transportation for myself and two men  – Sergt. Homer G. Woodin and James H. Hiatt” we went on board the Steamboat, M Mapham, which was advertised to leave at 4 P.M. but was informed (on board) she would not leave until next day, but as this was as soon as any other boat would go, I remained on board.

Towards evening I took a street car for “Lafayette Square or Park” – situated at the South Western extremity of the City.  The Park contained about 10 acres and was well laid out although in poor repair.  West of the Park was one of the line of forts in the rear of the City, built by Genl. Fremont in 1861 – it was a strong work, but as it was not garrisoned, was getting impaired.

St. Louis, Mo.
May 19th 1864

This morning I visited the “Benton Barracks” about 3 miles North west of the “Court House.  Went & returned by Street Cars = The Barracks were much better than I anticipated, in the eastern part was the “Genl. Hospital situated in a very pleasant grove which was sodded nicely – and laid out in gravel walks – the grass was long and luxuriant, and protected by a light board fence, very nicely white-washed – the trees were also nicely whitewashed to the height of 8 feet,  the out houses, offices, chapel and all the buildings were white=washed also, so that on as pretty a morning, the effect was excellent.  The enclosure all together contains near 25 acres, I should think, and the buildings occupied by colored soldiers squads of men were seen drilling in different places, preparing for the field.

In the afternoon I attended the “Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair” admittance once dollar.  The building was erected of boards for the express purpose = and extended one square in length, had wings also – which gave it somewhat a shape of the cross.  To give a description of the variety as seen in the different Departments, would take too long, besides, I had but two hours to go through the whole collection, for fear the boat would leave. Nearly $200,000 had already been contributed in the variety.  There were many inducements to spend the extra green=backs = viz. – the Skating Park, Holland & Yankee Kitchens, Ice=cream = soda water & Lemonade = eatables of all varieties, and goods of all descriptions.

S.B. = M.S. Mepham
May 20th 1864

Do not leave St. Louis until 7 o’clock A.M.  as we leave the city the Manufacturing establishments are displayed along the river, and the wharf represents an arc – Twenty=five miles above city the Missouri river enters the Miss- and Alton Ill”s is seen upon the Ill’s bank just above the entrance.  The town is situated on a bluff, and has a commanding appearance.

Hd Qrs “Fort Leavenworth, “K.
May 25th 1864

After 6 days of hard work and skillful Piloting our boat reaches this point.  The river is low; the snags sand bars & islands innumerable, are impediments that will always hinder a rapid and beautiful sail up the Missouri river; – when the water is very low, the channel is washed anew every season.

Many beautiful farms and plantations were passed; some on an extensive prairie bottom and others on the rougher broken country that is seen often upon both sides of the river, high and steep declivities of rock are often seen and the buzzard hovering or perching ‘ round indicates the place of rearing their young.  The timber along the banks was good cordwood selling from 2/1/2 to 4 dollars per cord, as we ascended the river.

The landing place, the battle=ground of our forces under Genl Lyon were visible, just below Boonville Mo.  Also the fort surrendered by Col. Mulliken after a desperate contest at Lexington, Mo. To Genl Price of the rebels.  The towns along the river are generally neat and cleanly in appearance – though unable to do much business on account of the war.  The people seem enterprising – some hemp was seen at the landings ready (in bales) to be shipped.

Madam Rumor said our boat was in danger of an attack or capture by Guerrillas who infested the country though we came along unharmed.  At Glassgow – on the North side of the river – the people and soldiers were organizing to repel an expected attack from Quantrile the Guerrilla Chief in Mo.

Kansas City in Mo. Seemed to be the most enterprising place along the river.  Wyandotte in Kansas is in sight and the State lines separate the places – also Kansas river.

Leavenworth City the largest town and the place of destination, is the most business place, several of the passengers bound for California and Idaho, leave this place by Government train.  A great deal of business is here done by Western trad3ers.

Three miles from the City (“North”) is Fort L. situated on a government reserve 6 miles square, ’tis not so much of a Fort as it is a Post or Hd”Qrs” = large and extensive arsenals and other buildings are, and all built of stone or brick.  I reported to Maj. Genl. Curtis, who had a very fine Hd” Qrs” in a brick house, and as the Quartermasters Office was closed I could not be assigned to Qrs” until next day.  Genl. Curtis kindly invited me to remain with him during the night and I did so – and having lived in my section of the country in Ohio was interested in hearing from many old acquaintances.

Hd” Qrs” Dept. of Kansas
Fort Leavenworth, May 25th 1864

The morning was very pleasant in inquiring about Qrs, houses & equipments Genl. Curtis informed me I could get supplied much better at Fort Scott – and issues an order for me & party to report to the Comd’g Officer of the Fort –  accordingly I make the necessary arrangements, and receive an order for Transportation on the State Company, and proceed to the City of L.

Paola, Kansas
May 28th 1864

As I could not get a seat in the stage for myself and men, on account 13 passengers pre-engaged I waited ’til today Started from L- City at 6 1/2 A.M. and arrived here (60 miles) about 5 P.M. by stage and hauling 13 passengers – 9 inside & 4 outside besides the driver.

The country 6 miles from the city of L- is prairie and continues so all day.  Oftentimes seeing nothing in some directions but earth & sky.  The grass is about 8 inches high – the country rolling though higer [sic] along the streams than other places.  Timber is growing only along the streams – many farms are seen and small log or frame houses are dotting the prairie in every direction though in some places far apart.  Camps are passed in which teams and teamsters have not started on their day’s journey – the cattle and mules enjoying the grass.  Many farms are passed which are cultivated by Indianas, and look as well as farms in general – two Indians crossed the stage over the Kansas river and seemed intelligent, were dressed partly in Federal uniform.

The Kansas Regiments are all mounted, and contain very many Indians, though the commanders and people much prefer a negro soldier to an Indian.  The reputation given is they are a lazy, dirty, stubborn, pilfering people, are good to follow an enemy on a retreat, but will not do to make a charge or stand and be shot at.

The inhabitants of Kansas I am informed are intensely loyal, and, a (“Copperhead”) rebel sympathizer in Paola – would have to keep very quiet or if his sympathies were made known he would be hung as quick as they could tie a rope to a limb.  The contest between the Free-State & Pro-slavery men in 1856 only prepared them for dterming [sic] for the Union at all hazards.

The burning & sacking of Lawrence and raids, besides the bushwhacking system of warfare in which a man is called up at the dead hour of night, and, as soon as he makes his appearance at the door – “Shot down in cold blood” has so enraged the populace of the border counties – that they can hardly contain themselves even in earnest conversation.

Paola is a town of 6 or 700 inhabitants I should think though was told it contained 1,000.  In 1856 only two houses were standing.  The country around is the best I  noted on the road, four creeks joined very near by, saw mills are handy, water & timber plenty & good.

Hd”d Qr”s Fort Scott Kansas
May 30th 1864

The day was quite warm – a ride of 65 miles brought me from Paola Miami Co. to this place.  Bourbon Co.  The country was rougher (much) than on the way from L. City to Paola.  Yesterday (Sunday) the stage did not travel, the business suspended – even the Barber shop was closed – an example for places of “granted Christianity” – no preaching was had though there was a Sabbath School.

This Town is (I suppose) a sample of the country – nearly every man, soldier or citizen is carrying from one to 2 or 3 revolvers & knife – it looks strange though I suppose it is partly a habit as well as occasionally a necessity.

Two small “Lunette forts or Bastions are erected here – and are now being repaired & stockaded in the rear.  I reported to Col. Blair Comd’g Post, who seems to be much of a gentleman – am informed I can get Horses & equipments – tents & c. here.

The town I should think has 1000 inhabitants.  Along the street I saw several Indians, mounted, who were traveling and in their native every day dress.  Some paint was observable on the cheek bones, of the men and heads shaved, all but a tuft or patch of long hair on the top – such squalid disagreeable looking people I never saw before.

H”d Qr”s Fort Scott, Ks.
Friday – June 3rd 1864

Weather quite warm, made out requisitions on the Q.M. for 3 horses and the ordnance officer for equipments.  The horses I drew were poor – having been once condemned but now recruiting on the prairies.

“Osage” Catholic Mission
June 4th 1864

This morning I started to this place in company with Mr. Geo. Reynolds – an Indian Agent, Mr. Gordon, a merchant of Fort Smith, Arkansas; – who is taking his goods by mule teams from Fort Scott to his home.  Also 8 or 9 soldiers returning to their respective commands beside one of my men – “Jas. H. Hiatt.” Leaving at 9 A.M.  the day was quite warm and our traveling pretty slow.  The country was open prairies as heretofor seen, though thinly populated – fifteen=miles south, we came to where a house had been burned but 3 days before, by the Bushwackers.  For Twenty=miles further we saw but two houses which were inhabited.  The Mission owns a large far, and four good-sized log houses – weatherboarded – besides the granary = mill – and other out=houses.

The male Department, composed of “Father” Shoemaker, 3 or 4 teachers or attendants, and about 65 Indian boys from 5 to 17 years of age, inhabit two houses on the right wing, while the Sisters and about 60 Indian girls occupy the left wing.

The Indians seeing the advantage of education offer their children, and a part of them are rec”d; generally at the age of 4 or 5 years before they habits got too strong a hold.  The pupil is cared for bodily and spiritually according to Catholic usage – and instructed in the common English branches to include Algebra.  Many of the educated pupils have entered the U.S.V. Army – those behind engaged in farming, and live near the Mission, on Sunday coming as far as 4 miles to church.  The “Father” has much influence among them and has exerted it for the cause of the Union & loyalty, though many went South or into the rebel ranks. One company of the 15th Kansas Cav. Are here on duty – and are assisted in scouting & c. by the tribe of Osages living in this vicinity.

25 miles South of the “Mission”
June 5th 1864

This morning – (after resting well in a cot at the Mission furnished by “Father Shoemaker”) I proceed to catch up to the Refugee Indians from Arkansas and neighborhood of Fort Smith – who have been making their homes for a year or two in Kansas on acct. of  Secession, but now returning (under an escort of soldiers) to their homes.  I caught up to the rear of the train about noon.  Every wagon was loaded with their old tents & trumpery – a few chickens, dogs, pups, squaws, and children – the babies “papooses” being plenty.  Very few men were along having joined the Federal Army – a great many old men & squaws were mounted on their ponies – their hair was long and hanging in profusion in all directions, hardly ever looking as if any care was taken of it – or their faces.  Getting into camp about 3 P.M. the wagons were drawn up in line the tents and commissaries taken out while fires were built, wood gathered and ponies “lariated” on the prairie to feed.  A shower coming up, and there being much thunder & lightning, a horse & negro man were killed, and an Indian woman severely injured – there reported 5,000 Indians in this train from the tribes or what was left of the Chickasaws, Euchees, Cherokees and Creeks, the latter of darker complexion than the first and much more numerous.  The train was in charge of the Supt. Mr. Coffin who ranks as Colonel – the Agents rank as Major.  I was introduced among them and was very kindly treated.  Slept on a buffalo robe and blankets for the night.  These Indians are pretty civilized and dressed (though very poorly & in rags) as white people or more like the contraband negroes, having few hats, bonnets or shoes.  The men generally carried a rifle and hunted on the route.  I saw 3 of them carrying each their portion of a deer, slung on their backs by means of hickory bark and sticks.  Several negroes were seen among the number who have inter=married – the negro often being the interpreter to the whites.

Osage “Catholic Mission”
June 6th 1864

Left the bivouac of the Indians after breakfast and rode 25 miles; through unsettled prairie country and arrived at this place about 2 P.M. saw several Indian graves along the road – consisting of a wood box about 3 feet high – in which the corpse is sitting upright facing the  rising sun.  His pony is slain and put in the same box – a pot of vegetables, bow & arrows, pipe & tobacco and blanket, accompanies.  Stones are piled up around and on top of the box.  In the evening I visited the Mission School, was introduced to the Father and brothers, visited the Library, Drug shop, P.O. school room and sleeping Apartment, heard the boys read in several readers – among them the 6th, heard them explain and answer several questions in Grammar – which were answered “ver=batim” et literatum” in this and Penmanship these Indians rather excelled the pupils of our country schools.  The reading was not so good, probably because their teacher (an Irishman) accented poorly, and Pronounced as bad.

In the bed=chamber – each boy (65 in attendance) had a small pigeon box or hole to keep his few articles of clothing in and each pupil had his separate couch or bunk, of iron frame covered with boards.  The pupils are received from their parents at the age of 5, and are offered for education remaining until 17 years of age.

About 60 girls were instructed in the opposite apartment, which is kept separate and apart from the male.

A large garden is attached cultivated by gardeners which supplies the Mission with vegetables, a blacksmith shop, small grist=mill & c. belong to the premises, and the large farm connected and owned by the Mission nearly pay the expenses or makes it self=sustaining.

About 6 1.2 P.M. a runner came from the Osage (indian) village reporting a squad of men, supposed to be “Bushwhackers” were seen eight miles distant – and the Indians were mounting their ponies to start after them but requested our attendance (a company of cavalry posted here) in the pursuit.  In fifteen minutes 20 men were mounted and a fresh horse being furnished me by the Capt., I attended.

Upon arriving at the village, the numerous dogs set up their barking, the old men, squaws & children or papooses came out in their blankets and we were told their warriors could not wait for us and had gone.  Away we started on their trail – following in a gallop – till near 10 P.M. when the clouds hid the moon & stars and we lost the trail on the prairie 6 miles from timber.

Our consultation we started as we supposed directly towards camp but after traveling 6 or 7 miles were decidedly lost.  So nearing a patch of timber observable between us and the sky – (as we were in  a slight hollow) we dismounted, tied up our horses, and with my horse blanket for my covering laid my tired “self” down for sleep.  A guard was posted and I dozed pretty comfortably till daylight.

Fort Scott “Kas” June 7th 1864

At daylight, after taking a good look where I lay down for my missing revolver and to no purpose, mounted and started for Camp.  In one hour discovered our whereabouts and reached camp at 7 A.M. where we ate a hearty breakfast and mounting my own horse started for Ft. Scott, 40 miles distant, accompanied by 13 armed men.  Guerrilla bands were reported to be hovering around, but we came through safely.  A soldier was reported lying in the road dead, but upon examination I found him dead (“drunk”).

In the afternoon the rain literally poured down.  Arrived at the Fort about 5 P.M. tired and wet.  Several letters were awaiting my return, but none to give me orders in reference to further operations of the “Signal Corps”

Fort Scott Kas
June 11th 1864

Weather quite warm.  In the evening I recd. A communication from Capt. Tafft. Instructing me to consult with the Comdg Genl. Of the Dept. and have 6 officers detailed for the Corps, and to organize a detachment of 8 officers for this Dept. informing me that 54 men were ordered to report to me and complete equipments for such a Detchmt.

Paola, Miami Co. Kas
June 13th 1864

After turning my 3 horses into the Q.M. Dept. and getting 3 good ones for them – also transportation by stage for myself, to Ft. Leavenworth.  I arrive here about 5 P.M. Put up at the Hotel till morning.  Had a slight chill and fever and felt considerably blue.

Fort Leavenworth Kas.
June 15th 1864

Arrived at this place this A.M. and reported to Genl. Curtis, who said he did not know where he could spare the officers, but would see.

Lieut. J.R. Fitch, A.S.O. was in the vicinity, but did not see him.  Take up boarding at the Ft. and am assigned to duty at this post.

Ft. L. June 18th 1864

Weather has been very hot.  Sergt. H.G. Woodin and Corpl. James H. Hiatt arrive from Ft. Scott with horses and traps – are assigned for the present to the Attachee’s Camp.

The horses were galled from the heat, and were very tired.

Fort Leavenworth Kas
June 20th 1864

Weather very hot.  Sergt. Warriner with 52 enlisted men reported to me at 10 P.M. from the Signal Camp of Instruction, Georgetown D.C.  One man having been left at Cincinnati, O.  They are immediately given excellent quarters for the night.

Ft. L. June 21st 1864

Drew rations – wood & c. & c.  camp & garrison equipage & fitted out my squad comfortably.

Ft. L. June 23rd 1864

Moved into my quarters – Lieut. J. R. Fitch, A.S.O. with me. Have ordered an Inspection of men & quarters every evening at 6:30.

Ft. L. June 25th/64

Am informed by Genl. Curtis that “all necessary accommodations to carry out the designs of the Chief Signal Officer  The scarcity of officers delays the details desired.”  I am now pretty well satisfied to await the Genl’s.orders.

Ft. L. June 26th 1864

Sunday: Held an Inspection of men, arms, knapsacks, & qrs” at 8:30 A.M. which was quite satisfactory.

Attended “Episcopal” services this A.M.  heard the Rev. Hiram Stone – several men were in attendance.  The officer’s wifes and daughters turn out, and assist in the exercises and music, accompanied by a Melodion.  Had very good music.  Weather very warm – wanting rain.

Ft. L. June 27th 1864

The 138th Regt. ()100 day men) Ill’s men, arrive at this garrison, and the members of the Brass band move into the barracks with my Detchmt.  The buildings are a little crowded at present by the arrival.

Hd” Qrs” Signal Corps.
Dept. of Kansas
Fort Leavenworth June 28th 1864

Weather hot and roads very dusty.  About 2 P.M. a dispatch arrived to Genl. Curtis that a lot of Guerrillas were within 7 miles of the City of Leavenworth, and approaching.  The garrison was immediately in arms, and Genl. C. & Staff rode to the City accompanied by the troops – (a Detchmt) – we passed on through the City to a high point on the South.  Other high hills or points were seen to the front.  A reconnaisance was proposed.  I offered to conduct it and sent 1″ Lieut. J.R. Fitch to a point on the right & front and Sergt. Homer G. Woodin to another on the left & front and about 1 1/2 miles distant, but from which places they could reconnoitre 4 or 5 miles in advance.  Sergt. Woodin sent the first message to the Genl. Through me.

Lieut Fitch also signaled “No Guerrillas in sight.” And the Genl. Comdg being well satisfied wished me to recall them.  I did so and we returned to the Fort, keeping part of the garrison under arms and ready for a momentary call.

The only casualty happening was the expulsion or emptying of a beer keg to the dusty and thirsty Staff before their return.   The equipments not having arrived, we substituted limbs of trees for poles, and having but 3 horses but 3 us (aforementioned) accompanied each of which ran a station.

Ft. L. June 30th

Nothing more heard of the guerrillas.  The weather is very warm and disagreeable.  In inspected and mustered the Detachment.

Office of the Chief Signal Officer
Fort Leavenworth July 3rd

Weather pleasant.  At 8:30 A.M. I inspect the command in arms clothing, accoutrements & quarters assisted by Lieut Julian R. Fitch Act’g Q.M. & A.S.O.  Everything passed off pleasantly – the command in good style

Ft. L. July 4th 1864

The Genl. Comd’g (Maj. Genl. Curtis) Reviews the troops at this post at 10 A.M.  I am invited by the A. Adj’t. Genl. To accompany and accept.  About 1500 men in Inft. Cav & Artillery are out.  After Review Brig. Genl. Davis invites Genl. Curtis & Staff to his house where we soon arrive, and pass a half hour in eating cake, drinking lemonade, punch & c. very pleasantly, then, go home!

Ft. Leavenworth July 5th 1864

Weather pleasant – having had a heavy shower during the night – the day was pretty warm, in the evening a Storm of wind & rain came up preventing dress-parade & c.  The wind was so violent that many of the limbs of trees were broken off, though no particular damage done.

July 6th 1864

Weather hot – though a pretty good breeze stirring – received a lot of mail “via” Fort Scott, which has been delayed at that post, sometime,  Inspection of Qr”s & men – reading orders & c at 6.30 P.M.

July 7th 1864

Pleasant but warm weather.  Inspection of men and qr”s at 6.30 P.M.  qr”s were scrubbed out to=day and look very nice.  Attend to making out Pay=rolls for Detchmt.  Attend Lence [?] & entertainment at Genl. Curtis’ house – besides himself were Maj. Genl. Sykes & Blunt & Brig. Genl. Davies wives & the several staff.  After supper the Brass band lay by their horns and use the violin – while many of the attendants “Trip the Light fantastic toe” among whom were not the “least conspicuous” – Genl. Blunt and Davis, Mrs. Sykes & c. & c.

Champagne and other wine, lemonade & c. was plentiful.  Also Ice-cream and delicate cakes.  Adjourning about 1 P.M.

Ft. Leavenworth July 8th

Day warm.  Drill in Manual.  Inspection of men and quarters at 6.30 P.M.

Ft. L. July 9th 1864

Weather hot – Quarters scrubbed – no inspection, on acct” of preparation for Sunday morning Inspection.  Appoint Mrs. Hess Laundress for Detachment.

Office of Ch’f Sig.’ Off. “Dept. of Kas”
Fort Leavenworth July 10th 1864

Commences raining at 6.30 A.M. with thunder and lightning. Have no Sunday morning inspection.  At 9 A.M. Genl. Curtis sends his A.D.C. Lieut Sam Curtis with invitation to go to Weston Mo. (6 miles distant) to accompany himself & Staff – if convenient – (of course I go)  Lieut J. R. Fitch being sick & unable to leave his room I take Sergt. Woodin and one man – also pole & flags – in case of a “necessity for Signaling” At the “Ferry” to cross the Missouri, upon consulting Genl. Curtis, I left Sergt. Woodin to occupy the bank and keep a watch towards the town of Weston that he could see my flag if raised.

Weston, Mo. Was garrisoned or strictly guarded, on account of an expected raid from some 500 rebels or Guerrillas roaming the Co. and threatening the town.  All was quiet however in the place.  Ascending a hill very near by, I opened communication with Sergt. Woodin.  Also reconnoitred the country with my glass – could see Fort Leavenworth – the City of L. & far beyond – it is a fine country for Signaling.

A telegraph line is in working order conne3cting Weston to the Fort & City.  No offcl messages were sent and the party returned during the afternoon.

Weston Mo. Is a small City of perhaps 4,000 Inhabitants, though not so much of a business place now as formerly.  It is compactly built by many brick houses.  It is the termination of a branch of the Hannibal & St. Jo. R.R.

The sentiment of the people is much divided between Union and Secession – & unhappy society.  Inspection of men & qr”s at 6.30 P.M.

Office of the Ch’f Signal Off.  Dept. of Kas
Fort Leavenworth July 11th 1864

Weather hot – a force of Guerrillas calling themselves Confederates variously estimated from 500 to 1000 strong, are infesting Platte Co. Mo. Opposite here and to=day are in possession of Platte City.

Missouri being in another Dept. Genl. Curtis can not move on them as if the Dept. was in his control, though has sent a Regt. Of Infantry (100 day men) to Weston on the opposite bank of the Missouri river 5 miles above. Inspection of Men & qrs at 6.30 P.M.

Ft. L. July 12th

Detchmt. Paid this morning, save 5 men whose Descriptive lists are minus.

Inspection of men & qr”s at 6.30 P.M.  Lieut Fitch unfit for duty, sick since July 3rd.  requisition for rockets recd.

Ft. L. July 13th 1864

Weather wet and cloudy.  Genl. Curtis & Davies with their Staff go over to Weston Mo.  I accompany, taking Sergt. H.G. Woodin to assist in case of Signaling  Lieut J.R. Fitch, being quite unfit for duty.  At Weston, a lot of Cavalry had arrived from St. Joseph, Mo. Commanded by Col. Ford of the 2nd Colorado.  About one thousand troops are to start on a reconnaisance in force to hunt up the rebel forces in the vicinity – having no Signal Officers and as neither of the Generals accompany the expedition, I return to the Fort with Genl. Curtis.  Make Requisition for horses to supply command through Lieut Fitch Q.Q.Q.M. Sig. C. U.S.A.  to Capt. Insley, A.Q.M.

Office of Chief Sig. Officer Dept. of Kansas
Fort Leavenworth July 14th 1864

Weather Damp, & cloudy, though pleasant.  The com’d is drilled in flaging, also in company movements on foot, and manual of “Pistol and Sabre” – both morning and afternoon.  Inspection of men and qrs” at 6’30 P.M. during the day I chanced to see the “Army and Navy Journal” and find a list of officers confirmed by the Senate – among the 2nd Lieutenants to rank from March 18673, is my name.  It is needless to say I am very much disappointed.

Reported to this date  Ft. L. July 15th 1864

Weather hot.  Drill in flaging in sabre exercise and movements on foot.  Lieut J.R. Fitch went to the country yesterday P.M. and remains absent without leave.  Returns in the evening.

Office of the Ch’f Actg. Signal Officer
Dept. of Kansas Ft. L. July 16th/64

Hot and dry.  Qr”s scrubbed & renovated.  Flag drill two hours in A.M.

Ft. L.  July 17th 1864

Sunday.  Morning inspections at 8,30 – Chapel exercises at 10,30 A.M. By Rev. Hiram Stone, of the Episcopal Church.

Ft. L. July 18th 1864

Hot & dry.  Maj. Adams, Inspector Genl. Of North Dist. Of Kansas Inspected the detachment of the Signal Corps at 8 A.M. giving much praise.  Flag & sabre drill in the afternoon.

Ft. L. July 19th/64

Weather cooler.  Flag & Sabre drill – morning and afternoon The A. Adjt. Genl. Promised to detail 6 officers for instruction in Signal duty immediately.  Inspection of men & qrs. At 6:30 P.M…

H”d Qr”s Fort Leavenworth July 20th/64

Cool.  Flag and sabre drill morning and afternoon.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6’30 P.M.  Recd. S.O. 154 H”d Qr”s Dept. of Kansas, detailing Lieut J. C. Hubbard 11th Regt. Kansas V. Cav. For instruction signal service.

Fort L./ July 21s5t 1864

Cool in the morning, but hot during the day.  Scrubbing and renovation of Qrs. Drill in P.M. & Inspection at 6:30

Genl. Curtis leaves for Denver City riding in an ambulance.

Fort L. July 22nd 1864

Cool and pleasant – cloudy.  Drill A.M. & P.M. recommend the names of two officers for my detail.  Inspection at 6.30 P.M.

Ft. L. July 23rd 1864

Pleasant weather.  Scrub & renovate qrs. Drill in the afternoon.

Office of the Chief Actg. Sig. Officer
“Dept. of Kas” Fort Leavenworth July 24th 1864

Sunday = cool & pleasant.  Inspection at 8 A.M. attended M.E. Church in Leavenworth City.

July 25th 1864

A.M. Cool, P.M. hot & sultry.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6.30 P.M.  Lt Ellis & Lt. H E Turner detailed

Ft. L.. 26th 1864

Warm Flag & Saber drill A.M. & P.M. Insp 630 P.M.

Ft. L. July 27th 1864

Hot & sultry Flag & Saber Drill A.M. & P.M.  Insp 630 P.M. qrs cleaned

Ft. Levan  July 28th 64

Hot & sultry  Flag & Saber drill A.M. & P.M. Target shooting at 9 A.M.

Fort Leavanworth July 29th

Very warm. Flag & Saber drill A.M. & P.M.

Ft. L. July 30th 1864

Weather hot.  Scrubbing of qr”s drill in P.M.  At night attended the speech of Hon. James H. Lane, Senator from Kansas” who has just returned from Washington D.C.  Will spend the Summer electioneering for Lincoln-Johnson & himself.

July 31st 1864

Sunday.  Inspection at 3.30 A.M.  Weather pleasant.  Attended Episcopal service at 10.30 A.M.  Exercises conducted by the Rev. Hiram Stone.

Ft. L. August 1st 1864

Sent off my monthly reports.  Gave a furlough to Private Melvin A. Morse on acct. of very sore knee and the Surgeon says he will be unfit for duty for 2 or 3 months.  Drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection at 6,30 P.M.

Ft. L-h Aug 2nd 1864

Weather hot.  Have a wind storm in the evening.  Drill A.M. & P.M. in flaging & Sabre.  Had 1st Class Private A.H. Collum examined and recommended by the Surgeon for a discharge.

Aug 3rd 1864

Morning damp but pleasant.  1st Lieut H.E. Turner, Co. “K” 15th K.V.C. reported for instruction in signaling.  Requested the examination put off until to=morrow morning.  Drill in flaging & sabre.  Inspection of men & qrs @ 6,30 P.M.

Aug 4th 1864

Pleasant.  Lieut H.E. Turner reported for examination, but did not stand it, pleading incapable.  We gave him ’till 2 o’clock .M.

It being the appointed day by President Lincoln for Fasting & Prayer, we do not drill but attend worship A.M. & P.M.

Ft. L-h Aug 5th 1864

Pleasant.  1st Lieut Abraham Ellis 15th Kas Vol. Cav. Reported for Instruction in signaling; was examined & received.  Drill in flaging & sabre.

Sunday, Ft. L.  Aug 7th 1864

Inspection of command at 8,30 A.M.  services in the square by a member of the Christian Commission – collection taken up.  Service sin P.M. by Episcopal Chaplain – Rev. Hiram Stone.

Office of Chief Act’g Sigl. Officer
Dept. of Kas. Fort Leavenworth Aug 8″ 1864

Pleasant but warm & dry.  1st Lieut Josiah M. Hubbard Co. “K” 11th .V.C. reported for instruction in Signaling, was examined and received.

1st Lieut H.E. Turner was relieved from duty and ordered to report to C.S. Charlot, A. Adj’t. Genl, Dept. Kas” Lieut Fitch obtains leave of absence for 7 days  Flag & sabre drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of Men & qrs. 6,30P.M.

Fort L. Aug 9th 1864

Weather warm & dry – quite dusty.  Study hours established for officers from 9 to 12 A.M. and 2 to 4 P.M.  flag & sabre drill A.M. & P.M.

Ft L-h Aug 10th

Warm, dry & dusty.  Drill A.M. & P.M. – Inspection of men & qrs at 6.30 P.M.

Ft. L. Aug 11th 1864

Drill A.M. & P.M. in marching and with flag & sabre. Genl. Curtis & escort left for Omaha City, Nebraska.  Inspection at 6.30 P.M.

H”d Qr”s “Dept. of Kansas”
Fort Leavenworth.  Aug 12th/64

Drill in company movements and with flag & sabre – reconnoitred an excellent situation for a Signal Station – S. West of Leavenworth City familiarly known here as Pilot=knob.  Inspection at 6.30 of men & qrs

Ft L-=h Aug 13th 1864

Warm & dry. Renovation of qrs.

A race being advertised on the “Government track” – for the afternoon – many of the officers from the Fort attended, myself among them, but saw no gaited stock and very poor running.

Fort Leavenworth Aug 14

Sunday.  Inspection – of command at 8.30 A.M.  Services by the Chaplain at 10.30 A.M.  weather hot.

H”d Qr”s sigl. Detchmnt. “Kansas”
Fort Leavenworth Aug 15th 1864

Drill A.M. & P.M. with flag & sabre.  Commenced storming about 12 o’clock M. forward certificates for the discharge of Allen A. Collum

Aug. 16th 1864

Drill A.M. & P.M. with flag and sabre.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6’30 P.M.

Aug 17th 1864

Cool & pleasant.  Ordered to have my com’d in readiness for Inspection at 2 P.M. by Maj. Adams, Inspector Genl. District North Kansas, but referred it to Maj. Charlot A. Adj’t. Genl. Dept. of Kansas, who informed Maj. Adams, the signal Corps was not a part of the forces of this Dist.

Flag & sabre drill A.M. “company movement” instruction on foot P.M.  Lieut Fitch returned.  Inspection of men & qrs. At 6.30 P.M.

H”d Qr”s Signal Detchmt. “Dept. of Kas”
Fort Leavenworth Aug 18th 1864

Cool & pleasant.  Received 3 boxes of Signal equipments & stores, and one barrell containing 5 or 10 gallons of turpentine – the barrell leaking badly.

A squad of 15 to 18 men of the Detchmnt. Were permitted to accompany a Sabbath School excursion & picnic.  Appointed “Board of Survey”

Drill with flag and sabre.

Fort L-h Aug 19th 1864

Cool & pleasant.  Got up at 5 A.M. to accompany my old townsboy John Hanna, on a trip to Kansas City, Mo. But the boat came too soon and I was left.  Board of Survey met and examined 1 bbl Turpentine

Drill A.M. & P.M. with flag & sabre.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6’30 P.M.

H”d Qr”s Signal Detachm’t
Dept. of Kansas= Ft. Leavenworth  Aug 20th

Scrub & renovate qr”s.

Aug 21st 1864

Sunday – cool & pleasant.

Inspection of command at 8,30 A.M.  chapel exercises at 10.30 A.M.  I attend Episcopal Church in the city.

Ft. L-h Aug 22nd 1864

Cool & pleasant.  Drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of men & qr”s at 6,30 P.M.

Fort L-h  Aug 23rd 1864

Warm – com’d drill in flag & sabre, A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6.30 P.M.

Ft. L-h Aug 24th 1864

Warm.  Drill A.M. & P.M. in flaging -remake 3 enlistments for Lafayette McConnell and forw”d to Washington.  Inspection @ 6.15 P.M.

Ft. L-h Aug 25th 64

Warm – Drill A.M. & P.M. with flag & sabre – Inspection at 6.15 P.M.

H”d Qr”s Sig”l Detachm”t Dep”t of Kas

Fort Leavenworth Aug 26th 1864

Warm.  Discharged 1st Class Private Allen H. Collum on Surgeon’s Certificate – “Phthesis Pulmonalis”

Drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of men & qr”s at 6.15 P.M.

This evening I saw an order from the War Dept. Ordering Capt. E. I. Meeker of the Signal Corps U.S.A. & of the Dept. of the Cumberland; to take com’d of the Dept. of Kansas.

I am well satisfied, for I can now expect to see more active service – before many weeks.  Otherwise I would have to remain at the H”d Qr”s Dep’t. of Kas” and instruct Officers in signaling.

Fort L-h  Aug 27th 1864

Warm – Scrub & renovate qrs.  Prepare for Inspection of the officers & men of Signal Corps U.S.A.

H”d Qr”s Signal Detchmt.
“Dept. of Kas”  Aug 28th 1864

Cloudy & wet in A.M.  pleasant in P.M.

On account of the weather had no Inspection.  Attended Chapel exercises

Frt L-h Aug 29th/64

Pleasant.  Commenced practicing the “officers undergoing Instruction” in Signaling at a distance – and sending messages – find them pretty well pasted.  Drill in Sabre exercise.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6.15 P.M.

Fort L-h Aug 30th 1864

Pleasant.  Officers practice signaling at the distance of one mile.  Drill A.M. & P.M. in Sabre exercise.

Forward the names of two officers for detail in Signal Corps.

H”d Qr”s Sig’l Detachm”t
Fort Leavenworth Kansas
Aug 31st 1864

Pleasant.  Inspection & muster of Com’d at 8.30 A.M.  Succeed in getting two officers ordered to report to me for Instruction in Signaling

Ft. L-h Sept. 1st 1864

Very warm.  A wind from the South blows so hot it is impossible to be comfortable.

Lieutenants Hubbard & Ellis practice from stations 3/4 of a mile distant in P.M. practice in their rooms  Inspection of men & qrs at 6.30 P.M.

Recd” a commission as 2nd Lieut U.S.A. Signal Corps.

Sept. 2″ 1864

The “Sirocco” continues – do a little practicing in doors too hot to drill during the day out=of=doors.  Lieut Ellis too unwell to study through this; a little while in P.M. declined accepting a 2″ Lieut commission in Sig. Corps, U.S.A. and requested to be returned to my Regiment & Comp. At Atlanta, Ga.

Head Quarters Signal Detachment
Department of Kansas
Fort Leavenworth Sept. 3, 1864

“Sirocco” continues; the sky blue & clear.  Not quite so hot as yesterday – this makes the 3rd day of the hot wind.  A shower of rain P.M.

Lieut. Ellis makes application for leave=of=absence of 7 days, upon plea of sickness – approved and forwarded to C. S. Charlot, A. Adjt. Genl. “Dept. of Kas” re=enlist four of the Detachment – Sig. Corps & Physical examination

Ft. L-h Sep. 4th 1864

Sunday – pleasant though raining several times during the day.  Inspection of com’d at 8.30 A.M.

Attend Congregational church in Leavenworth City, which has received a fine Organ – the first one for the City.

Ft. L-h Sept. 5 1864

Weather cloudy & pleasant.  Sabre drill A.M. & P.M.  Lieut Ellis sick & unfit for duty.  Lieut. Col. Stark, Chf of Staff, refuses to order the discharge of 4 men for re=enlistment for want of sufficient authority.  Lieut Hubbard practices in P.M.  1st Lieut Ira Quimby reported in the evening – for Signal duty – but appoint the examination at 9 A.M.  Sep 6th

Inspection of men & qrs 6 P.M.

Ft L-h Sep 6th/64

Wet & cloudy –

1st Lieut Ira Quimby is examined at 9 A.M. and accepted.  Flag drill A.M. & P.M.  Lieut Ellis sick

Salute of 35 guns fired by order of Brig. Gen”l. Davis in honor of the capture of Atlanta.  Gen”l. (or Senator) James H. Lane made a speech in Garrison Square at 5 P.M. in favor of the Union.  Candidates Lincoln & Johnson as Pres. & vice President of the United States

Fort L-h Sept. 7th 1864

Pleasant.  Practice in field signals at 5 miles distance.  Lieut Ellis sick.  Drill in sabre exercise.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6 P.M.

At 12 o’clock, by order of the Sec.=of=War, 100 guns were fired in honor of the taking of Atlanta Ga.  Fort Morgan, Ala. And our numerous late victories on land & sea.

Fort L-h Sept. 8th 1864

Pleasant.  Practice field signaling at 5 miles distance.  Lieut Ellis sick.  Lieut Quimby having been sent here to attend Court Martial can not commence studying until released from Court.  Sabre exercise A.M.  flag in P.M. Inspection of men & qrs at 6 P.M.

Sept. 9th 1864

Warm & windy – Practice Lieut Hubbard in signaling at the distance of 5 miles.

Flag & sabre drill A.M. & P.m.  Lieut Ellis sick.

H”d Qr”s Sigl. Detchmt.  “Dept of Kas”
Fort Leavenworth Sep 10th 1864

Hot.  Took a trip 6 miles up the Missouri to see a farm for sale by a disloyal man now in guard house at this Fort.  The land did not suit me in the least so returned, looking out the position for good signal stations. Renovation of “Arms and Qrs”

Ft. L-h – Sept 11th 1864

Sunday – Inspection of com’d at 8.30 A.M.  Attended church in the City of Leavenworth – visited Lieut Ellis, sick.  Services in P.M. in accordance with proclamation by Presd’t Lincoln in honor of our recent victories atAtlanta “Ga” and 3 Forts at the entrance of Mobile Bay.  Also around Richmond, Va.  Bishop “Lee” of the Episcopal Church presided and took “Profanity” for his subject and Said that we were the most wicked Nation on the Earth & that this War could not end when wickedness abounds so triumphantly.  He particularized Profanity as the most prevalent sin, and especially in the Army, where it seemed a necessary qualification (almost) for an Officer – and had really form part of our “dialect.”

Indians were obliged to learn the English Language before they could swear.  In traveling thro this country in stages he made this proposition – (in order to not hear the disgusting habit)  That the passengers should permit him to do the swearing during the trip.  In one of the Iowa Regts he preached to, one Company having a pious Captain, voted that their Capt. Should do the swearing for the Co. during their term of service and that Co. had, since, made its mark wherever it went.

H”d Qr”s Sig”l Detchm”t “Dept of Kansas”
Fort Leavenworth Sept. 12th 1864

Quite warm.  Flag drill P.M.

Sabre drill A.M.  Inspection at 6 P.M.  Gave instructions on the use of the Disc to class of Officers.

Lieut Ellis – sick – and made application for Leave=of=absence= on Surgeon’s Certificate.  Lieut Quimby commenced study

Fort L-h Sept. 13rh 1864

Hot & windy – Flag=drill A.M. & P.M.

Sept. 14th 1864

Cool and Pleasant  Sabre & Flag drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of men & qrs at 6 P.M.  Renovation & scrubbing of qr”s.

Ft. L-h Sept. 15th 1864

Flag & sabre drill A.M. & P.M.  Lieut Quimby instructed in Signaling by Lieut Hubbard, the latter is ready for the field.  Weather Cool & pleasant.  Try again for Horses, but get none.

H”d Qr”s Signal Detachmt
Fort Leavenworth Sep 16th 1864

Weather Pleasant.  Lag drill A.M. & P.M.  Inspection of men & qr”s at 6 P.M.

Ft L-h, Sep 17th 1864

Pleasant.  Renovation of qr”s.  Lieut Quimby instructed in signals.  Genl. Curtis arrives from trip West and North after Indians.  Lieut A. Ellis goes home without=leave=sick

Fort L-h Sept. 18th 1864

Sunday – Cool & pleasant  Inspection of command at 8.30 A.M.  Chapel exercises 10.30 A.M.

Fort L-h Sept. 19th 1864

Cool & windy.  Establish five Repeating Stations, three of them run by Officers, two by 1st Class Privates Hinman and Mansfield.  Do pretty well.  Send thro’ several mesg’s during A.M.  Lieut Quimby instructed in qr’sduring P.M.  Lieut Ellis sick & absent.  Inspection of men & qrs 6 P.M.

H”d Qr”s Sigl Detch. Dept. of Kan.
Fort Leavenworth, Sept. 20th 1864

Pleasant.  Study in doors.  Lieut Ellis remains absent.  Comd drilled in flag & sabre exercise.  1st Lieut McGinly M Neely of 10th K. V. Cav. Reports for Instruction in Signals, is examined and received.  Make out requisition for wagons, mules & c & c

Ft. L-h – Sept. 21st 1864

Warm & windy.  Lieut Ellis absent sick.  Lieut Neely is given two days to turn over his Q.M. property & c. Instruction in study rooms.  Flag-drill Sergt. Woodin discharged on account of expiration of time.

Mr. King of Colorado speaks in the Garrison Square.  Genl. Davis suspends dress=parade & c. to enable all the troops to attend.  Subject – politics, and re=election of Lincoln

Ft. L-h Sept. 22″ 1864

Windy & unpleasant.  Practice in rooms com’d drilled in flag & sabre – Lieut A. Ellis absent without leave.  Am informed by A.Q.M. transportation will be furnished when ordered into active service.

Fort Leavenworth Sept. 23″

Pleasant tho’ quite windy.  Com’d drilled with flag & sabre Inspection @ 5 P.M.  Lt Ellis sick & absent without leave.  Officers instructed in rooms.

Fort L-h Sept. 24″ 1864

Very windy.  Scrubbing and renovation of qr”s 2 officers instructed in rooms.  Lieut A. Ellis sick & absent without leave.

Ft. L-h Sep” 25″ 1864

Sunday – Pleasant – tho’ windy  Inspection of com’d at 8,30 A.M.  Chapel exercises at 10,30 A.M.

Ft L-h Sept 26th 1864

Pleasant tho’ windy.  Lieuts Hubbard & Quimby practice in rooms.  Com’d drill with flag & sabre.  Inspection of men & qrs @ 6 P.M.

H”d Qr”s Sigl. Detachment
Dept. of Kans. Fort Leavenworth
September 27th 1864

Pleasant.  Lieuts Hubbard and Quimby practice out doors – distance 1/2 mile.  Lieut Neely in room.  Com’d drill in sabre exercise.

Ft. L-h September 28th 1864

Pleasant tho’ quite cool without fire.  Lieuts Hubbard and Quimby practice in Signaling distance five miles.  Lieut Neely instructed in room.  Capt. Meeker Signal Corps U.S.A. who was ordered to take command of the Corps in this Dept. arrives  Rain in the afternoon.

Ft. L-h.  Sept. 29th 1864

Very cool without fire.  Lieuts H_ & Q_ practice in Ashen [?] Disc, distance one mile.  Lieut Neely instructed in room  Com’d drill in Flag & Sabre exercise.  Inspection @ 5.45 P.M. of men & qrs. Accompanied by Capt. E.J. Meeker.

H”d Qr”s Signal Detachm’t
Fort Leavenworth  Sept 30th 1864

Lieuts H & Q practice at 5 mile distance. Lieut Neely instructed in qrs.  Enlisted men drill with flag & sabre  Rain during P.M.  preventing inspection.

Captain Ed J Meeker, Signal Corps U.S.A. assumes com”d of the Detachm’t in this Dept.

Fort Leavenworth Oct. 1st/64

Wet & cool, have succeeded in getting a stove for my room & have been appointed Instructor of Officers and men and am to prepare them for active service as rapidly as possible.  In General orders No 1 (the Detchm’t is spoken of viz:  “The Capt. Commanding takes pleasure in complimenting the Detachment on their fine appearance and soldierly bearing, a fact that reflects great credit on your former Commanding Officer – Lieut Roberts.”

Recd. A “special order” from the War Dept. of Sept. 22nd 1864 No 315 extract 20 x viz: x x x

Cyrus M. Roberts having declined to accept his commission as 2″ Lieut in the Sigl. Corps, U.S. Army the same has, by direction of the President, been cancelled.

I can hear nothing, whatever, about being returned to my Regiment – and am afraid that I can not return to it easily.

Ft. L-h  Oct. 2nd 1864

Damp – in P.M. have considerable rain.  Inspection of command at 8.30 A.M.  Capt. Meeker as spectator.  Attend Episcopal Service conducted by Chaplin Hiram Stone 10.30 A.M. during P.M. take a short ride with Capt. Meeker. Lieut Fitch & Lieut Halyard, Q.M. 16″ K.V. Cav. The Capt. Wishing to see a little of the country around the Fort.  We do not ride more than one mile before rain commences to fall.

Signal Detachment
Fort Leavenworth
Oct 4th 1864

Wet and dreary.  Examine Lieuts Hubbard and Quimby and make of them acting Signal Officers, making the force ready for the field.  1 Capt. 3 first Lieuts & one 2nd Lieut, also 53 men.  Send for Cincinnati Commercial for another month.

Oct. 8th 1864

Very pleasant.  Took a ride of 5 or 6 miles in P.M. stopped at the Washington Gardens and fired at a mark with our guns, also plays a game of pins, – somewhat similar to nine=pins – only the wood=ball is suspended by a rope to a crosspiece above – 9 pins are placed on the center.  The player stands on one side and starts the ball forward as a pendulum – in coming back to him – the ball strikes wherever aimed and depending upon the skill of the player.

The garden or walk is laid out nicely – with shrubbery growing all around and seats, tables & c. to make visitors comfortable by spending their money.  Sunday I am informed is the time of profit from customers from the City.  Lieut Neely instructed in room.  Inspection of men & qrs at 5.30 P.M.