Company E

The following is from History of the 78th Regiment O.V.V.I, from its “Muster-In” to its “Muster-Out;” comprising Its Organization, Marches, Campaigns, Battles and Skirmishes, by Rev. Thomas M. Stevenson, Chaplain of the Regiment:

This Company was raised in Morgan County by T. M. Stevenson, W. W. McCarty and C. M. Roberts, and was organized December 25th, 1861. T. M. Stevenson was chosen Captain, W. W. McCarty, First Lieutenant, and C. M. Roberts, Second Lieutenant.

On Christmas day the Company went to Camp Gilbert, with ninety-four as strong, brave and reliable men as ever left the county. The great majority were the best men of the county. Sons of religious parents, men of good families, school teachers, mechanics, farmers, merchants, clerks, were gathered together to go forth from their rich and comfortable homes, to defend those homes by putting down treason and rebellion.

Captain Stevenson had for a number of years been Superintendent of the Public Schools of McConnelsville, and had the summer previous been licensed a minister of the gospel. Lieutenant McCarty had long been a resident of McConnelsville, and had filled many of the principal offices of the county, which made him well acquainted in his county, and gave him an influence that caused many worthy men to rally for the defense of the flag and liberty.

Lieutenant Roberts had been long engaged in merchandising, which gave him a facility and tact in business, and being a young man of good character, influenced many young men to imitate his example in laying down all that was dear upon his country’s altar.

No company in the regiment has done more efficient service, none suffered more upon the field of battle, or from hardships and exposure. After the battle before Atlanta on the 22d of July, 1864, where the company and regiment did such brilliant service, so as to save the day, with a very heavy loss of killed and wounded, was detailed for duty at Headquarters, Seventeenth Army Corps, where it remained till mustered out of service.

At Memphis, Captain T. M. Stevenson resigned his commission, and was appointed Chaplain of the regiment, Vice Chaplain Todd resigned. Lieutenant McCarty was appointed Captain, C. M. Roberts, First Lieutenant, and Sergeant A. W. Stewart, Second Lieutenant. Lieutenant Roberts was detailed for duty in the Signal Corps, in which position he remained through the Vicksburg campaign, and afterwards on General Curtis’ staff in Missouri and Kansas, until January, 1865, when he was appointed Captain and relieved from duty in the Signal Corps, returned to the regiment and was assigned to the command of Company “F.

Lieutenant A. W. Stewart was detailed as Aide-de-Camp to General Leggett, June 5th, 1864, which position he filled with ability and efficiency till the end of the war.

Captain W. W. McCarty was taken prisoner July 22d, 1864, while in close combat defending the colors and flag of the regiment. Lieutenant Rhinehart of Company “G,” was assigned to the command of the company and remained its commander till the end of the war. Sergeant Alexander V. P. Hagar of Company “F,” was promoted to Second Lieutenant, and assigned to Company “E,” but was detailed to take charge of the Guards of the Third Division Train.

The following named men have been commissioned and assigned to other companies: Sergeant A. A. Adair, to Captain; Sergeant Martin Durant, to Second Lieutenant; Sergeant John Kennedy, to Second Lieutenant; Sergeant A. W. McCarty, to First Lieutenant; Sergeant James Earich, to Second Lieutenant. The latter refused to be mustered, preferring to carry the colors which he had borne in so many battles. He loved that too dearly to give up bearing it for a Lieutenancy. We has awarded a “Medal of Honor” for distinguished bravery in the battle of the 22d of July, 1864.

The following are the names of the non-commissioned officers and enlisted men of the original organization:


1. Archibald W. Stewart

2. Geo. J. Chappelear

3. AS. Stinchcomb

4. Charles W. Brown

5. Jasper S. Laughlin


1. Robert F. Chandler

2. Harrison Townsend

3. George R. McCarty

4. Jacob Rush

5. Addison A. Adair

6. William H. Sopher

7. Abram Wood

8. Jordan M. Maular

William George, 1st Musician; Wm. A. Chappelear, 2d Musician; Daniel Christman, Wagoner.


Ammons, George W.

Alexander, Thompson

Bailey, Benjamin F.

Bailey, Christian

Bailey, James W.

Bailey, Sylvester

Bailey, David

Beisaker, David

Barkhurst, John

Boyd, Cyrus

Brown, Joseph C.

Brown, William S.

Bunn, Fletcher F.

Bush, Hiram H.

Coulson, Eli W.

Coulson, Eli G.

Christman, William D.

Coffey, Lewis

Clawson, John

Cramblet, Samuel M.

Davis, Harvey

Davis, John

Drake, Henry II

Durant, Martin

Earich, James R.

Fuller, Chester M.

Glassford, Fred

Grubb, Rasselas

Gallion, George

Harsh, Goodliff

Harris, George W.

Hann, David P.

Hayes, John

Heller, William

Irwin, Thomas

Kirby, William

Kirby, John R.

Kennedy, John Keller, John

Koon, Sylvester

Lees, Elisha

Landerman, William

Moore, James W.

Maular, George W.

Monks, Albert

Murphy, William

McCarty, Arthur W.

McElroy, John

Morrison, Mathias

Porter, James D.

Pletcher, Noah

Pletcher, Nichoals

Pletcher, John W.

Rivberts, Ethelbert D.

Rossell, John M.

Shutt, Samuel H.

Smith, John C.

Sopher, John D.

Sowers, Job P.

Shook, William J.

Southard, Samuel H.

swope, Henry

Stoneburner, William W.

Thompson, John

Thompson John W.

Tompkins, Benjamin

Turner, Alonzo

Vanhorne, John W.

Wiley, Hiram J.

Wiseman, Caleb M.

Williams, Luthur C.

Wade, William S.

Walraven, Charles

Whitaker, John H.

Woodward, Samuel S.

Young, John

Of the foregoing the following have been honorably discharged:

Alex. Stinchcomb—Sergeant

G.J. Chapelear

Jacob Bush, Corporal

Abram Wood, Corporal

William Kearley

Albert Monks

Ethelbert D. Rivers

John Clawson

George W. Ammons

Samuel H. Shutt

Nicholas Pletcher

Henry H. Dranke

Louis Coffee

William Murphy

George W. Mauler

Luther C. Williams

Charles Walraven

John Davis

Samuel H. Southard

James D. Porrter

Sylvester Koon

Eli G. Coulson, M.D.

William S. Wade

John H. Whitaker

David P. Hann

Cyrus Boyd

William J. Chappelear

Harrison Drake.

The following have died of wounds or disease contracted in the service:

Charles W. brown, Sergeant

J. S. Laughlin, Sergeant

Robert F. Chandler, Corporal

Jordan M. Maular

Christian Bailey

John D. Sopher

John W. Thompson

David K. Gallion

Richard Riley

William S. Bowers

Caleb Wiseman


Henry Swope, Corporal

Geo. R. McCarty, Sergeant

Job P. Sowers, Corporal

Thomas Irwin

John C. Smith

John Keller.

The following named men have been added to the company by enlistments, assignments and substitutes:

George M. Brown

Matthias Bustatter

Orlando F. Benton

Martin Copsey

William G. S. Coulson

George H. Coulson

Samuel Cockran

John S. Carver

James Coen

Louis Coffee

John Davis

Bhristian Decicus

Benjamin F. Dozier

William Dozier

Morris Donahue

George Donahue

John Durant

George Durant

Elijah Fergerson

John Fetler

Louis Fishbaugh

Samuel L. Fryar

Albert Glassford

Daniel Gilpin

William F. Harsh

Robert T. Harris

Thomas L. Harter,

Jacob A Jones

Reason Jones

John K. Kirby

Abel Kirby

Adam Keifer

George Lemasters

Thomas Longstreeth

Michael Linder

Alvertis Matson

Geoge Mitchel

Thomas Martin

John McElroy

Reuben Ornar

Othello Price

Osborne Penrose

Israel Petcher

James Parsons

Henry Quin

William F. Rossar

Ira Rhodes

Jonathan Rainey

Marion Ridgely

William H. Sutton

Jacob A. Sowders

James Sloan

William Smith

Davis Smith

Absolem Shinnaberry

Edward Stephen

Thomas Taylor

Joseph Tow

Nicholas Swingle

Tillman Stoneburner

David Stemler

John R. Whitcraft

Wilkes P. Wallace

John A. Walters

Benjamin A. Wyley

John Williams

David Wright

Charles P. Wood

Thomas M. Young

Poeter Emrick

Robert T. Moore

John C. Bussel

George S. Coulson

Isaac England

Alexander Earich

Martin Davis

Jacob L. amtson

Seaton S. Matson

Asa Massey

John Switzer

John C. Brown

Leonard J. Bush

Benajmin Brown

Charles P. Bowers

William S. Bowers

William Kennedy

James S. Brogan

John P. Elston

John W. Garrett

Washington Sowers

Joshua White

Philip J. Goerge

William Weller

Peter Hartsell

The following have been killed in battle, or died of wounds or disease:

William Sopher, Sergeant, killed at Atlanta

Benjamin F. Bailey, died of wounds at Rome, Reorgia

James M. Bailey, died of disease at Vicksburg.

Hiram Bush, killed at Atlanta

Joseph C. Calvert, taken prisoner

George H. Coulson, died of wound at Marietta, Georgia

Henry Davis, taken prisoner

James R. Earich, wounded

Samuel Cramlet, wounded

John Switzer

Rasselas Grubb, killed at Atlanta

Thomas Harter, killed at Atlanta

John W. Hays, wounded

James P. Martzell, taken prisoner

Joshua White, taken prisoner

George W. Harris, killed at Jonesboro, Georgia

Robert T. Harris, died of wounds

Alonzo Turner, killed at Atlanta

John R. Kiby, died of disease

Nathaniel Morrison

Sylvester Bailey, died of wounds

William H. Edozier, died of wounds

Reason Jones, taken prisoner

James Parsons, killed at Atlanta

Jacob Beisaker, died of wounds

Nicholas Swingle, missing

James M. Moore, sent to West Point for efficiency

Robert T. Moore, discharged

David Bailey, discharged.

The following are the names of those who re-enlisted as veterans:

Fletcher S. Bunn

William S. Brown

Joseph L. Brown

Samuel M. Cramlet

Daniel Christman

William D. Christman

Eli W. Coulson

Harvey Davis

Martin Durant

James Earich

George W. Gallion

John W. Hays

James P. Hartzell

George W. Harris

John F. Kennedy

John R. Kirby

A. W. McCarty

Mathias Morrison

John W. Pletcher

Nmoah Plketcher

William W. Stonburner

William J. Shook

John W. Van Horn

Hiram J. Wiley

William J. George

Philip J. Gorge

John Young.